From April 2008, many developing countries faced food shortage and this led to massive public protest. In some cases the food is used for biofuel or land is used for biofuel feedstocks. Jatropha curcas tends to be promising and grows in arid and humid regions. Nevertheless, cultivating it blindly has impacts on food in Cameroon and anywhere. By integrated assessment, it is possible to manage J. curcas cultivation in Cameroon through a characterization of forest and grass lands differentiating small and large scale system. The questionnaires coupled with interviews helped to understand the interaction of stakeholders involved in biofuel system and food crisis through land use. Some maps obtained through GIS and GPS help to understand some impacts. The biofuel policy system was assessed. More than 90% of rice in Cameroon is imported whereas soils appropriate for its cultivation are used for biofuel production. It is demonstrated that small scale cultivation do not have impacts on lands and food crisis thus is profitable but the large scale has direct impact on fertile lands, food crisis and deforestation. The management policy should include government, CEMAC, WTO and African Union.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Shenyang zoo scandal refers to a series of incidents in which The Shenyang Forest Wild Animal Zoo, a private zoo located in Shenyang, Liaoning People's Republic of China, was accused of mistreating and starving a number of animals, many of which died of various causes between 2009 and 2010. In March of the same year, a large protest was held by employees of the zoo. The revelations of abuse at the institution shocked animal conservationists around the world.
From the vast expanse of the boreal forest, Vivian Demuth shows both an exquisite eye for detail and a profound concern for the larger environmental picture. Her lively poems show that, to an engaged observer with an accomplished literary imagination, the mountain forest is a complex, animated bio-community -- resonating with beauty and sentient beings, large, small, and mysterious. Mixing elements of realism and magical realism, humour and protest, and traditional and experimental forms, this volume offers a unique contribution to Canadian eco-poetry.
Fugitive Kind, one of Tennessee Williams's earliest plays, is one of his richest in dramatic material. Written in 1937 when the playwright was still Thomas Lanier Williams, Fugitive Kind introduces the character who will inhabit most of his later plays: the marginal man or woman who, through no personal fault, is a misfit in society but who demonstrates an admirable will to survive. Signature Tennessee Williams' characters, situations, and even the title (which was used as The Fugitive Kind for the 1960 film based on Orpheus Descending) have their genesis here. At age twenty-six, Williams was still learning his craft and this, his second full-length play, shows his debt to sources as diverse as thirties gangster films (The Petrified Forest, Winterset) and Romeo and Juliet. Fugitive Kind, with its star-crossed lovers and big city slum setting, takes place in a flophouse on the St. Louis waterfront in the shadow of Eads Bridge, where Williams spent Saturdays away from his shoe factory job and met his characters: jobless wayfarers on the dole, young writers and artists of the WPA, even gangsters and G-men. Fugitive Kind was also Williams's second play to be produced by The Mummers, a St. Louis theatre group devoted to drama of social protest. Called 'vital and absorbing' by a contemporary review in The St. Louis Star-Times, this play reveals the young playwright's own struggle between his radical-socialist sympathies and his poetic inclinations, and signals his future reputation as our most compassionate lyric dramatist.
The Protestant and Catholic Reformations thrust the nature of conversion into the center of debate and politicking over religion as authorities and subjects imbued religious confession with novel meanings during the early modern era. The volume offers insights into the historicity of the very concept of 'conversion.' One widely accepted modern notion of the phenomenon simply expresses denominational change. Yet this concept had no bearing at the outset of the Reformation. Instead, a variety of processes, such as the consolidation of territories along confessional lines, attempts to ensure civic concord, and diplomatic quarrels helped to usher in new ideas about the nature of religious boundaries and, therefore, conversion. However conceptualized, religious change- conversion-had deep social and political implications for early modern German states and societies. David M. Luebke is Professor of History at the University of Oregon. His publications include His Majesty's Rebels: Factions, Communities, and Rural Revolt in the Black Forest (Cornell University Press 1997) and many articles, most recently 'Confessions of the Dead: Interpreting Burial Practice in the Late Reformation' (Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 101: 2010). Jared Poley is Associate Professor of History at Georgia State University. He is the author of Decolonization in Germany: Weimar Narratives of Colonial Loss and Foreign Occupation (Peter Lang 2005). Daniel C. Ryan is currently Visiting Assistant Professor at the College of Charleston. He was awarded his PhD in 2008 from the University of California, Los Angeles, with a study on conversion and peasant protest in Imperial Russia. David Warren Sabean is the Henry J. Bruman Endowed Professor of German History at University of California, Los Angeles. He is the author of Property, Production, and Family in Neckarhausen, 1700-1870 (Cambridge University Press 1990) and Kinship in Neckarhausen, 1700-1870 (Cambridge University Press 1998). He recently edited, with Simon Teuscher and Jon Mathieu, Kinship in Europe: Approaches to Long-Term Development, 1300-1900 (Berghahn Books 2007).
Businessman Noah Mackenzie has a bitter history with the Algonquin forest, and how he's trying to clear-cut the part he considers his own. Using her small newspaper, Madeleine Cody tries to stop the excessive logging in a peaceful manner. But when a newcomer proposes a radical--and dangerous--form of protest, Madeleine is frustrated enough to try it. Optioned for film by Paramount.
Challenging and irreverent, this story of a posse of forest radicals that engages in demonstrations and stunts to protest environmental destruction moves at a breakneck pace, stopping just long enough to question how the world might be fixed.
The Pequot Indian intellectual, author, and itinerant preacher William Apess (1798-1839) was one the most important voices of the nineteenth century. Here, Philip F. Gura offers the first book-length chronicle of Apess's fascinating and consequential life. After an impoverished childhood marked by abuse, Apess soldiered with American troops during the War of 1812, converted to Methodism, and rose to fame as a lecturer who lifted a powerful voice of protest against the plight of Native Americans in New England and beyond. His 1829 autobiography, A Son of the Forest, stands as the first published by a Native American writer. Placing Apess's activism on behalf of Native American people in the context of the era's rising tide of abolitionism, Gura argues that this founding figure of Native intellectual history deserves greater recognition in the pantheon of antebellum reformers. Following Apess from his early life through the development of his political radicalism to his tragic early death and enduring legacy, this much-needed biography showcases the accomplishments of an extraordinary Native American.
This study of custom and popular memory in the Forest of Dean examines the social and cultural position of the local mining community in this peripheral, yet valuable, area of early modern England. These fiercely autonomous free-miners were remembered locally for their role in resisting encroachment upon Forest resources and this foreshadows their role in leading protest between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. While the study examines the relation between landscape, popular memory and the free-mining community, it also charts the increasing dependence of the Mine Law Court and mining culture upon the written record, arguing that the move towards an accepted unitary idea of the law was very much a two-way process. The Forest of Dean challenges many preconceptions of the early modern community. Setting this locality in a broader national context, this monograph qualifies national teleologies of the literate mentality, state growth, private property and capital industrial development, while introducing novel perspectives on old and new idioms of protest during this period.